- Basic Concepts of Information
This module tests the student's understanding of
the key concepts of computers and their use in society.
The student is required to demonstrate a knowledge of
The module consists of six sections. The test will
contain questions from each section.
Section 1: Basic Concepts of IT
- Identify the component parts of a computer.
- Understand the concept of an operating system and
the function of a computer program.
- Understand the concept of storage and memory.
- Understand the relationship between the basic
units of stored data -- bit, byte, record and
- Understand how the systems are developed --
analysis, programming, implementation.
- Understand what is a graphical user interface.
- Understand the concepts of multimedia.
Section 2. Applications and use
- Recognise and understand the importance and
growing use of computers and the opportunities
offered by their use.
- Identify the types of systems used in business.
- Identify systems used in industry.
- Identify systems used in education.
- Identify the types of systems used in the home --
for hobbies, household accounts, working at home.
- Identify the types of systems encountered in
everyday life -- for example -- in supermarkets,
libraries, in the doctor's surgeries, the use of
- Distinguish between systems software and
Section 3. IT and Society
- Understand the impact of the increased use of
- Understand the concept of the "Information
- Express an opinion on circumstances where the
computer might be appropriate than a person and
- Develop good habits in the use and care of the
computer and equipment, know what to do if the
computer breaks down.
- Recognise and avoid potential dangers to health
and safety -- e.g. ensure that cables are safely
secured, power points are not overloaded.
Section 4. Security, copyright,
- Understand software copyright, copying and
- Be cognisant of privacy -- responsibility in
protecting data to which the holder has access,
legitimate uses of such data.
- Outline the main points of the Data Protection
Act (or relevant Act in your country).
- Security -- protecting the machine/data and
passwords, taking backups of data.
- Viruses and anti--viruses measures -- the student
must understand how viruses can enter a computer
system, what they do, and how to avoid them.
- Understand what happens within the computer if
there is a power cut.
Section 5. Hardware and systems
Know the difference between hardware and
Distinguish between various type of computer
memory, e.g. RAM and ROM -- say why they are
Understand the purpose of backing store --
describe this, and understand storage capacity.
Understand the functions of input and output
devices -- name some of these and their purpose.
Understand the different types of printer and
where they are used in different situations.
Discuss what effects the speed and capacity of
the computer, e.g. clock speed, memory,
Understand the problems which can occur due to a
bad working environment and know what to do about
them. For example repetitive strain injury, glare
from screens, bad posture.
Section 6. Information
Networks The student will understand the
concepts of data communications and its role in
modern information systems.
- E--mail -- why is it useful?
- E--mail -- what is needed to use if from
your own PC/MAC.
- What is needed on your machine to connect
to a communications network.
- What is the Internet -- how is it useful?
- What is the function of the telephone
systems in computing? How would you
connect to it?
- Understand the technology of workgroup
- Understand LAN/WAN.
questions will be asked -- one from each section.
The time allowed is 45 minutes. The pass mark
is 60%. In answering questions, the student must
demonstrate that he/she understands the concepts.
The student should be given a guideline of the
expected length of the answer. All questions and
answers must be taken up at the end of the test.
Module-Contents Module 2